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U.S. Department of Labor Environmental Career Outlook

The following categories and their respective career outlook are provided by the U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Outlook Handbook.

Click on above link for a complete description of specific fields within this category, including working conditions, employment outlook, earnings and links to other sources of information.

Outlook overview:  Fewer opportunities for conservation scientists and foresters are expected in the Federal Government, partly due to budgetary constraints. Also, Federal land management agencies, such as the Forest Service, have de-emphasized their timber programs and increasingly focused on wildlife, recreation, and sustaining ecosystems, thereby increasing demand for other life and social scientists relative to foresters. However, a large number of foresters are expected to retire or leave the Government for other reasons, resulting in many job openings between 2000 and 2010. In addition, a small number of new jobs will result from the need for range and soil conservationists to provide technical assistance to owners of grazing land through the Natural Resource Conservation Service.

Click on above link for a complete description of specific fields within this category, including working conditions, employment outlook, earnings and links to other sources of information.

Outlook overview: Employment of environmental scientists and hydrologists is expected to grow faster than the average for all occupations through 2010, while employment of geoscientists is expected to grow about as fast as the average. The need to replace environmental scientists and geoscientists who retire will result in many job openings over the next decade. Driving the growth of environmental scientists and geoscientists will be the continuing need for companies and organizations to comply with environmental laws and regulations, particularly those regarding groundwater contamination and flood control. However, oil company mergers and stagnant or declining government funding for research may affect the hiring of petroleum geologists and geoscientists involved in research. Instead, increased construction and exploration for oil and natural gas abroad may require geoscientists to work overseas unless additional sites in the
United States are opened for exploration.

Specific fields related to this category include:

Another government resource for career information is the 2012-13 Occupational Outlook Handbook. The Occupational Outlook Handbook provides information on available careers by industry, including the nature of the industry, working conditions, employment, occupations in the industry, training and advancement, earnings and benefits, employment outlook, and lists of organizations that can provide additional information.

Citation: Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2012-13 Edition, on the Internet at


Environmental Science

Environmental Science prepares graduates to enter the diverse and vigorous environmental job market or advance to a graduate degree program in disciplines including anthropology, botany, entomology and nematology, environmental engineering science, fisheries, forestry, landscape architecture, political science, resource economics, soil and water science, urban and regional planning, wildlife, or zoology or to a professional degree program in business, education, journalism, or law. Areas of concentration: Environmental Science, Environmental Policy, Environmental Policy and Business, Environmental Education, and Natural Resource Management.

Examples of Career Opportunities Available to Environmental Science Majors:

Air Quality Analyst

Aquatic Biologist




Engineering Assistant

Environmental Analyst

Environmental Coordinator

Environmental Educator

Environmental Permitting Specialist

Environmental Planner

Environmental Project Manager

Environmental Safety Specialist

Environmental Sanitarian Specialist

Environmental Scientist

Environmental Specialist

Environmental Technician

Environmental Trainer

Field Technician

Greenways Coordinator

Hazardous Mat. Specialist

Hydrologic Technician

Industrial Hygiene Specialist

Natural Resource Planner

Nature Preserve Manager

Research Scientist

Risk Assessor

Sales Representative

Stormwater Program Manager

Utility Projects Coordinator

Wastewater Treatment Specialist

Water Quality Analyst

Wetlands Scientist

Wildlife Biologist

Wildlife Ecologist

Wildlife Manager

Skills and Abilities Associated with this Area of Study

Thorough knowledge of general biology

Proficiency in collecting, analyzing data

Proficiency in reading, writing, speaking

Ability to conduct, explain scientific research

Proficiency in problem solving, decision making

Ability to work with, relate to animals

Proficiency for accurate details

Able to work with others

Interest in environment preservation


The FRC major provides understanding of forest resources and develops the expertise in forest resource management that is essential to meet contemporary and future needs for the vast array of social, environmental and physical products of forest ecosystems. Areas of specialization include: Forest Resource Management: prepares students for careers as professional forest resource managers that use science-based approaches to manage the land for the conservation of natural resources and the production of renewable resources, Urban Forestry: focuses attention to the special needs and opportunities for managing forests occurring in and around cities and towns where trees contribute important physical, social, and environmental values to urban and suburban communities., International and Agroforestry: is for students seeking careers in forest resource management in other countries or with special interest in opportunities that couple the production of agronomic and forest crops., and Forest Science: is designed for students seeking more in-depth focus on the biophysical or socioeconomic aspects of forest science.

Examples of Career Opportunities Available to Forest Resources & Conservation Majors

Procurement forester

Forest Ranger

Forest Ecologist

Park Ranger

Consulting Forester

Urban Forester

Resource Manager

Regional Forester

Forest Technician

Timber Cruiser

Field Forester

Technical Forester

Forest Engineer


Wood Technologist

Forest Products

Tree Geneticist

Forest Pathologist

Lumber Inspector

Wood Fuel Expert

Forest Pest Controller

Logging Planner

Logging Foreman


Reforestation Forester

Forest Inventory Specialist

Forest Information Specialist

Tree Planting Supervisor

Land and Timber Manager

Timber Stand Improvement Forester


Natural Resources & Environment

The NRC major is co-administered by the School of Forest Resources and Conservation and the College of Agriculture's Department of Wildlife Ecology and Conservation. This major provides an opportunity for students to develop a personalized curriculum according to their specific interests in the area of natural resources, or they may utilize one of several specializations available within the major: Environmental Education, Wetland Ecosystems, Ecotourism, Landscape Ecology, Environmental Pre-Law, and Computer Information Systems.

Examples of Career Opportunities Available to Natural Resource Conservation Majors

Soil and Water Scientists

Natural Resources manager

Erosion Control Specialist

Environmental Consultant

Community Education

Environmental Lawyer



Park Manger

Recreation Administrator

Park Ranger

Agency Director

Policy Analyst

Reclamation Specialist



Books and Sources of Additional Information at the Career Resource Center Library

Opportunities In Forestry Careers

100 Jobs in the Environment

Careers In The Environment

Earth Work: Resource Guide To Nationwide Green Jobs

Environmental Leadership

Environmental Jobs For Scientists & Engineers

Green At Work

Opportunities In Environmental Careers

Occupational Outlook Handbook

Complete Guide to Environmental Careers in the 21st Century

Opportunities in Landscape Architecture, Botanical Gardens, and Arboreta Careers

For more information regarding careers at the University of Florida or to peruse the above resources, visit:

Career Resource Center
1st Floor, Reitz Union
352) 392-1601
8:00 am- 5:00 pm M-F

Last Modified: Monday, September 16, 2013 13:49